The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 is a United States federal law that protects the privacy of personally identifiable information (PII) in students’ education records. “Education records” are those records that are: directly related to a student; and maintained by an educational agency or institution or by a party acting for the agency or institution.

FERPA provides parents and eligible students the right to access a student’s education records, the right to seek to have the records amended, and the right to protect the PII in students’ education records, to read more open the FERPA Guidance Release.